Colombia Challenge your Knowledge
::: DISCOVER the richness of our biodiversity


  • We are located in a very privileged area of the world, full of natural resources, such as water and rain forests that are vital for the future of humankind, 
  • You can see our advantages for yourself in the classification of species and you can participate in collaborative work to identify more.
  • Come and explore what we have discovered in medicine and genetics, stemming from our biodiversity. Work hand in hand with experts in these fields, with great potential in the pharmaceutical industry.
  • We harness and we also protect our diverse natural resources. We have many natural reserves and have created the means and mechanisms to protect them.
  • Colombia is considered the second most bio diverse nation in the world. It holds first place in diversity of bird and amphibian species;  second in flora, third in reptile and fifth in diversity of mammal species. 
  • A total of 3,357 species of fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals, and nearly 41,000 species of flora are registered as native to Colombia.
  • This species diversity varies according to the natural regions and distinctive eco-systems that make up our territory; the Andes Mountains and the Amazon Rainforest are the most bio diverse.
  • Not only does Colombia claim 10% of the world’s biodiversity, but 18% of our birds, amphibians, mammals, reptiles and fish are native and are not found anywhere else. In flora, the figure is even greater: approximately 30% of our plants species are native.